The digitizing of sound “sampling” is a process where analog sounds (live instruments, vocals, etc.) are captured digitally. The digital recordings (a.k.a. samples) can then be edited and performed on an electronic keyboard or control device.
A sample CD is a disc that houses digitized sounds (from instruments, phrases, effects, and so on) for use in creating music. Many sample CDs are delivered in a standard Audio format that can be played on conventional CD players.
A disc containing files that can only be read by a computer and/or sampling instrument. These discs cannot be played on a standard CD player.
This constitutes a sound that includes a musical performance, be it a drum-loop, instrumental or vocal phrase, lick or riff, or any type of musical sound or phrase that has a tempo.
A single sound is commonly referred to as a one-shot event. The file containing the sound is referred to as a sample. A recording of a single snare drum hit is an example of a “one-shot” sound.
A multi-sampled instrument is comprised of more than one sample. To reproduce a realistic grand piano digitally, for example, many notes of an acoustic piano must be sampled and key-mapped, resulting in a “multi-sample.” Multi-samples can be formatted specifically for software or hardware sample-playback devices such as Kontakt, Battery, MachFive, etc.
Sound Effects are typically non-musical events. They can be used in audio, video, and cinematic production. Sound design refers to sounds that are created using manipulated audio recordings or synthetically generated by electronic equipment or software.
This indicates the category of the sound file. The type can be classified as One-shot, Loop, Multi-sample, Sound Effects.
This indicates the number of beats per minute, or tempo. The bigger the number the faster the tempo. (e.g. 80 BPM is relatively slow, and 200 BPM is fast.)
AUDIO is the most common format read by standard music CD players.
WAV is the standard sound format for Windows. It is also supported by Apple's QuickTime Player for Macs.
A WAV format created for use with Sony Media Software's audio editing software series Acid. Acidized files allow you to adjust a sample's tempo and pitch data.
A file format created by Propellerhead Software for use with their software ReCycle! 2.0. With REX2 it is possible to change the tempo without affecting the pitch (and visa versa) of loops. REX2 files can also be used with software such as Propellerhead’s Reason and many others.
This format is optimized for Native Instrument's software sampler Kontakt.
This format is optimized for Native Instrument's drum software sampler Battery.
This format is optimized for Apple’s Logic Audio software sampler EXS24, and for software sample players compatible with VST2.0 EXS24.